A Lesson on Colour

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“The purest and most thoughtful minds are those which love colour the most.”
~John Ruskin.

The world, as we see it, is drenched in colour and is a part of us, in our everyday lives. But have you ever given a serious thought to what colour, actually is? Well, let’s try and understand it better

Colour is the element of art that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye. The surface reflects some colours and absorbs others. It is the reflected light (or wavelength) that is picked up by the eye. For example, a cherry reflects red light and absorbs other colours.

Colour attributes

There are three attributes of colour: hue, saturation (or intensity) and lightness (or value). These terms are often used to describe aspects of colour. Having a basic understanding of these terms will help you to understand colour.

Hue

Hue is essentially the name given to a colour or colour family, for example red, green, blue and yellow. It typically refers to pure colour – without added white or black.

Saturation

Saturation is the strength or vividness of a colour. Colours can be described as strong or pale. When displaced with white or grey a colour becomes desaturated. For example, we may describe the color blue as “royal” (bright, rich, vibrant) or “dull” (grayed).

Lightness

The lightness (or luminance) of a colour is a measure of how bright a colour is, which is considered as adding pure white to a colour.  The terms shade and tint are in reference to value changes in colours.

Now that you know all about colour, which colour would you choose?

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One comment

  1. For me colours were either dark or light. Now, I know how wrong I was. Thanks to this informative article colours have now become more colourful for me.

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